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Brief Biography 



of 



The Members of the Honorary Board of 

Filipino Commissioners to the 

Louisiana Purchase 

Exposition 



Officer in^Charge 

Hon. A. W. Fergusson 

Executive Secretary of the Philippine Islands 

Disbursing Officer 

Mr. Thomas Hardeman 

Late Captain, United States Volunteers 



Washington 

Government Printing Office 

1904 



ByTrawfer, 

e*B7 



Brief Biography 

of 

The Members of the Honorary Board of 

Filipino Commissioners to the 

Louisiana Purchase 

Exposition 






Officer in Charge 

Hon. A. W. Fergusson 

Executive Secretary of the Philippine Islands 

Disbursing Officer 

Mr. Thomas Hardeman 

Late Captain, United States Volunteers 



Washington 

Government Printing Office 

1904 



Brief Biography 

of the 

Members of the Honorary Board of Filipino Com- 
missioners to the Louisiana Purchase 
Exposition. 

* 

Hon. T. H. Pardo de Tavera. Born in Manila in 1S57. educated 
in Paris. France, where he received his degree of M. D. : practiced his 
profession in Manila, where he was professor of the medical faculty of 
the University during the Spanish regime. He was a representative 
in the Malolos congress and director of foreign relations in Aguinaldo'a 
revolutionary government. In i899 he was the founder and first 
director of La Democracia, the tirst pro- American daily in the Philip 
pines: when the Federal party was organized he was elected its first 
president: he devotes his time to the history, languages, and bibliog- 
raphy of the Philippines and has published works on these and other 
subjects, such as medicinal plants, etc. 

He is at present a member of the Philippine Commission and presi- 
dent of the honorary board of commissioners to the St. Louis Expo- 
sition; speaks French and English. 

Hon. Benito Legarda. Born in 1853 in the city of Manila; he 
received the degree of bachelor of laws from the University of Santo 
Tomas, Manila: he has traveled much, having visited Japan and the 
expositions of Paris and Chicago: he was director of the treasury and 
vice-president of the Malolos congress up to December, L898. 

He is at present a member of the Philippine Commission; speaks 
English. 

Hon. Victorino Mapa. Porn in Calivo, Capiz, and i- ."><• year- of 
age: he ha- been an attorney at law since ls.77. having filled the fol- 
lowing offices: Register of deed- of lloilo, mayor of the city of lloilo, 
member of the reform council of the federal state of Visayas, and 
president of the special court of the same: he is also a licenciate at 
law. bachelor of philosophy and of civil and canonical law. 

He Is at present an associate judge in the supreme court of the 

:; 



Philippine Islands, to which he was appointed in 1901, and member of 
the executive committee of the honorary board of commissioners to the 
St. Louis Exposition. 

Juan de Leon. Born in Iloilo in 1866: he is an attorney at law and 
has been a justice of the peace, attorney and member of the municipal 
council of Iloilo. judge of the court of first instance and of the twelfth 
judicial district of the Philippine Islands, member of the council of 
the federal state of Visayas and of the superior court of justice of 
Panay. 

He is now the mayor of the city of Iloilo, president of the Panay 
and Xegros Agricultural Association and of the joint stock mercantile 
society of the same name, managing proprietor of "El Tiempo." a 
newspaper in Iloilo. and member of the executive committee of the 
honorary board of commissioners to the St, Louis Exposition. 

Mr. Manuel de Iriarte. Born in Manila, in 1864. educated in 
Europe; he was a cadet at the Spanish Infantry and Artillery School, 
and studied law and medicine in Spain: he held seA'eral offices during 
the Spanish rule in the Philippines, the last being disbursing officer of 
the board of public works and private secretary to several department 
chiefs. 

He is now chief of the bureau of archives, patents, copyrights, and 
trade-marks, and member of the executive committee of the honorary 
board of commissioners to the St. Louis Exposition; speaks English 
and French. 

Dr. Manuel Gomez Martinez. — Born in Manila in 1859; he 
received the degree of doctor of medicine and surgery from the Uni- 
yersity of Manila: he was the provincial physician of Antique and 
Morong and of the cholera hospital in 1882; president, by delegation 
of the inspector-general of charity and health of the islands, of the 
commission to inspect and aid the district of Taytay during the chol- 
era epidemic in 1887; municipal physician of the district of Trozo, 
Manila; representative of Dapitan in the Malolos congress; and 
municipal physician of the district of Santa Cruz under the American 
rule. 

He is at present secretary of the insular board of health and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the honorary board of commission- 
ers to the St. Louis Exposition. 

Hon. Bernardino Monreal. Born in Daraga, Albay, in 1856; he 
is a licentiate in medicine and was official physician of Bataan, munici- 
pal physician of Malabon, Rizal, and of the central hospital of Mala- 
bon, during the revolution. 

He is now serving his third term as provincial governor of Sorsogon, 
and is a member of the executive committee of the honorary board of 
commissioners to the St. Louis Exposition. 



Mr. Leon Novenario. A native of Pateroa, Rizal, 28 years of age, 
and an A. B. of the University of Santo Tomas; he fought in the 
ranks of the revolution, and after the compact of Biak-na-bato went 
to Hongkong with Aguinaldo; he later figured on the staff of General 
Malvar's brigade, and subsequently entered the Philippine civil serv- 
ice, being at presenf a clerk in the executive bureau and also one of 
the two Filipinos who passed the first-grade examination in English. 

lie is a member of the executive committee of the Association of 
Civil Employes, and the representative of the same on the honorary 
board of commissioners, of which he is the secretary. Speaks 
English. 

Hon. Epifanio de los Santos. Born in Malabon, Rizal, and i>- 33 
years of age; he is an attorney at law. and was private secretary of 
His Majesty's attorney-general in the Philippines, the representative 
of Nueva Ecija in the Malolos congress, fiscal of the court of first 
instance, and provincial secretary. He has been a frequent contribu- 
tor to the press, his noni de plume of "G. Solon" being very well 

known. 

He is now serving his second term as governor of Nueva Ecija. 

Hon. Tomas G. del Rosario. Born in Binondo. Manila, and is -t:> 
years of age; he received the degree of LL. B. from the University 
of Madrid! and was educated in Europe, where he resided eight years; 
during the Spanish regime he held the offices of justice of the peace, 
fiscal and judge of first instance in the courts of Manila: during the 
revolution of 1896 he was deported to Africa as an accomplice in the 
Philippine revolutionary movement; he was vice-president of the 
Malolos congress, and later assistant attorney-general of the supreme 
court under American military rule. 

He is at present provincial governor of Bataan. president of the 
Rizal monument commission, a member of the superior advisory board 
of public instruction, and the attorney for several societies. 

Hon. Juan Pimentel. Born in Pact. Anibos Camarines, in L855; 
he is a hemp grower and dealer, and has visited Hongkong and other 
cities in China to study trade condition-: he was justice of the peace 
and acting judge of the court of first instance during the Spanish 
regime; lie has been municipal president of I >aet. and is now provincial 
governor of Ambos Camarines. 

Hon. Mariano Trias. A native of San Francisco de Malabon. 
Cavite, and born in L869; he has the degree of A. P».. and is a sugar 
planter: during the revolution he held the following offices: Secretary 
of justice, vice-president of the republic, secretary oi the treasury, 
and lieutenant-general commanding the department of the south, and 
was second in command under Aguinaldo: he was the first provincial 
o-overnor of Cavite under the American rule. 



6 

Hon. Simeon Luz. Born in Lipa. Batangas. in 1853: he was munici- 
pal captain of the same town and lieutenant-colonel commanding the 
Batangas ordnance depot during the revolution; he assisted greatly in 
the pacification of the province and was the first governor of the same 
after the cessation of American military rule. Speaks English. 

Hon. Potenciano Lesaca. Born in Botolan. Zambales, in 1872: he 
is an expert accountant and is now serving his third term as provincial 
governor of Zambales, being the youngest of the provincial governors. 

Hon. Juan Villamor, Born in Bangued. Abra, in 1865; he is an 
A. B. and a professor of Latin: he was a lieutenant of infantry in the 
Spanish army, manager of El Heraldo de la Revolucion. and a colonel 
of infantry in the revolutionary army: he was the first provisional 
governor of Abra. and now represents El Renacimiento, a Manila 
newspaper. 

Hon. Alfonso Ramos. Born in Iba. Zambales, in 1860: he has 
been municipal captain of Tarlac, provincial governor of Tarlac under 
the revolution, and is now serving his second term as provincial 
governor of the same. 

Hon. Joaquin Ortega. Born in the city of Cebu in 1868: he has 
the degree of A. B.. and was cashier of the Compania General de 
Tabacos de Filipinas in the province of La Union, which he formerly 
represented in the Malolos congress and of which he served two terms 
as governor under American rule. 

Hon. Julio Agcaoili. Born in Piddig, Ilocos Norte, in 1856: during 
the Spanish regime he held the offices of notary, clerk and registrar of 
the court of first instance of Ilocos Norte, and during the revolution 
was fiscal thereof: upon the organization of the provincial govern- 
ment in the provinces under the Americans he was appointed provincial 
secretary, and has been elected twice to the provincial governorship 
since then. 

Dr. Alejandro Albert. Born in Manila in 1869; he has the degree 
of doctor of pharmacy and is professor of chemistry in the Liceo de 
Manila; he is an ex-president of the pharmaceutical examining board 
of the Philippine Islands and the present secretary of the Federal 
party: he was a surgeon-colonel in the revolution, and is now presi- 
dent of the International Club and vice-president of the College of 
Physicians and Pharmacists. 

Mr. Juan Sumulung. Born in Antipolo, Rizal, in 1875: formerly 
a journalist, he was manager of La Democracia, the organ of the 
Federal party; he is at present practicing law in Manila: is a member 
of the directory of the Federal party: professor of the Manila law 
school, and member of the bar association of that city. 



Mr. Jose de Loyzaga y Ageo. Born in Manila in 1864, he 
received the LL. B. degree from the University of Manila, and is 
the editor and proprietor of El Comercio. the oldest newspaper in 
in Manila. Speaks English. 

Mr. Ramon B. Genato. Born in Manila on August 20, 1860; he 
was educated in Manila. London, and Paris, securing the degree of 
A. B., and expert accountant; he is a wholesale grocer and landowner, 
vice-president of the Manila Telephone Company, a member of the 
governing board of the Liceo de Manila, a member of the tax-revision 
board of Manila, of the directory of the Federal party, of the Rizal 
monument commission, of the International Club, and of the board of 
directors of the Filipino Chamber of Commerce, which body he repre- 
sents on the honorary board of commissioners. Speaks English. 

Mr. Vicente Nepomuceno. Born in Camalaniugan, Cagayan, and 
is 13 years of age; he is an attorney at law, and was professor of sec- 
ondary instruction and provincial governor of Caga} T an under the 
revolution, and judge of first instance under the American military 
rule; he is at present provincial fiscal of Cagayan. 

Mr. Leoncio Gonzales Liquete. Born in Aliaga. Nueva Ecija, 
and is 25 years of age; he was educated in Barcelona, Spain, and 
Manila; he is an A. B. and an expert accountant; he has been in the 
newspaper business since 1897, having done editorial work on the 
Diario de Manila, El Comercio, El Progreso, and other dailies and 
weeklies; he accompanied the Philippine Commission on its trip 
throughout the archipelago for the establishment of civil rule in the 
provinces, spreading American ideas as correspondent of several 
newspapers, and popularizing the work of the Commission; he was 
secretary of the Federal party and is now editor of La Democracia, 
the organ of the party and supporter of the Americanization of the 
Philippines. 

Dr. Baldomero Roxas. Born in 1870 in Lipa, Batangas, he received 
the degree of M. D. from the Central University of Madrid. Spain, 
and the degree of A. B. in the University of Santo Tom as of Manila; 
he was admitted as a medical student, after competitive examination, 
in the general hospital of Madrid, and was assistant in the gynecologi- 
cal section of the Rubio Institute of Madrid; during the revolution he 
was a surgeon-major and head of the Lipa Hospital and formerly a 
member of the Governing Council of the Federal party, lie is now 
a member of the Medico-Pharmaceutical College of Manila and of the 
Manila Medical Society, assistant police surgeon of Manila, and 
physician of the girls' dormitory of the Manila Normal School. 
Speaks English. 



Mr. Marcial Calleja. Born in Malinao, Albav. in 1863: he has 
the degree of LL. B. and he is an expert agronomist: he was formerly 
secretary of the council of Albay, after competitive examination, and 
represented the province of Albay in the Malolos congress: he is at 
present provincial fiscal of Albay. 

Mr. Rafael O. Ramos. Born in Himamavlan. Occidental Negros^ 
in 1858; he is engaged in agriculture in his district, is an expert 
accountant, and was municipal president of the former town of Suay. 
in his province, governor of the island of Negros, and fiscal of the 
fourth district of the autonomous government of Negros during the 
revolution: he has also been municipal president of Himamaylan. 

Mr. Tomas Arguelles. Born in Manila in I860; he is a surveyor 
and architect, and was overseer of public works and government 
inspector of the Manila and Dagupan Railroad under the Spanish 
regime: was a member of the board of tax revision of Manila, and of 
the jury on architecture for the St. Louis Exposition: he is at present 
a member of the advisory board of Manila and of the directory of the 
Federal party. 

Mr. Juan Araneta. Born in Bogo, Occidental Xegros. in 1853: he 
is an agriculturist and landowner, and an expert accountant: he has 
been municipal president of his town; during the revolution he was 
secretary of war in the provisional government of the island of Xegros, 
brigadier-general in the revolutionary army, and was a member of 
the commission that conferred with the American army officers in 
Iloilo; he was secretary of agriculture in the autonomous government 
of Negros, and the manager of the Carlota model farm. 

Mr. Alfredo de Castro. Born in Atimonan, Tayabas, in 1869: he 
received the degree of expert agronomist from the University of 
Manila, and is an agriculturist and landowner: during the Spanish 
regime he held the office of justice of the peace for four years. 

He is at present the municipal president of Atimonan and the rep- 
resentative in the province of Tayabas of several Manila commercial 
houses. 

Mr. Guillermo Gomez. Born in Iloilo, Panay. in 1880; he has the 
degree of A. B. and expert accountant, and is at present the secretary 
of the collector of customs of Iloilo. Speaks English. 

Mr. Ceferino de Leon. Born in San Miguel de Mayumo. Bulacan. 
in 1859; he received the degree of LL. B. from the University of 
Madrid, and has been fiscal of Barotac Viejo, justice of the peace of 
San Miguel de Mayumo. and represented Benguet in the Malolos 
Congress. 



9 

Mr. Vicente Llamas. Born in Pagsanjan, La Laguna, in 1876; 

he is an A. B., and has been municipal secretary under the Spanish 
^gime; during the American rule he was justice of the peace mem- 
ber of the board of tax revision of La Laguna. and at present is a 
municipal councilor of Pagsanjan. La Laguna. 

Mr. Eusebio Luzuriaga. Born in 1869, in the municipality of 
Bacolod. Negros Occidental; during the revolution he was secretary 
of the treasury of the provisional government of Negros and member 
of the commission to confer with the American authorities in Iloilo 
and Manila. Speaks English. 

Mr. Alejandro R. Mendoza. Born in Agoo. La Union, in 1S74: 
he is an agriculturist and landowner: during the revolution he was 
municipal fiscal of Binalonan, Pangasinan, and is now municipal presi- 
dent of the same. Speaks English. 

Mr. Mariano Moreno Ramirez. Born inJDaet, AmbosCamarines, 
in 1S72: he is an agriculturist and landowner, and head of the hemp 
exporting house of Moreno in Daet; he was a member of the board of 
tax revision of his province. 

Mr. Hilarion Raymundo. Born in Manila in 1846; he was secre- 
tary of the politico-military government of the provinces of Samar 
and Morong during the Spanish regime and is now a notary in the 
province of Rizal. 

Mr. Jose Rivera. Born in Pagsanjan. La Laguna. in 1862; he has 
the degree of LL. B., and has been a justice of the peace and assessor 
of the" court of first instance of La Laguna. being at present the 
provincial secretary of that province. 

Mr. Vicente Singson Encarnacion. Born in : 875 in the city of 
Vigan, Llocos Sur; he is lawyer, landowner, agriculturist, and maguey 
and indigo planter, having the degree of A. B., and being at present 
the provincial fiscal of llocos Sur. 

Mr. Gervasio Unson. Born in Pagsanjan, La Laguna, on dune L9, 
1856; he is an A. B. and has been primary school-teacher, being at 
present the provincial secretary of Tayabas. 

Mr. Vicente Noel. Born in the city of Cebu, in 1>74: he i- an 
A. B. and expert accountant: he ha- been municipal treasurer of Car- 
car. Cebu. and is now president of the Jockey Club of that town. 

Mr. Alejandro Roces. Born in Manila, in ls7»; : he is a landowner 
and manufacturer: he has traveled much and visited the important 
cities of Europe: he has the only furniture factory in the islands 
equipped with American machinery and conducted on modern lines. 



10 



[No. 1030.] 

AX ACT Creating an honorary board of commissioners, composed of fifty Filipinos of prominence 
and education, to visit the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at Saint Louis at Government expense. 

By authority of the United States, be it enacted by the, Philippine Commission, that: 

Section 1. The Civil Governor is authorized and directed to appoint, by and with 
the consent of the Philippine Commission, an Honorary Board of Commissioners. 
consisting of not more than fifty filipinos of prominence and education, to visit the 
Louisiana Purchase Exposition to be held at Saint Louis during the year nineteen 
hundred and four. The Civil Governor is authorized to appoint Filipinos now hold- 
ing office in the Islands, if their absence from official duty in the Islands during the 
time needed to make the visit to the United States may be made consistent with the 
interests of the public service. 

Sec. 2. The Honorary Board of Commissioners herein authorized to be appointed 
shall travel in a body, so far as practicable, and the period between the date of their 
departure from Manila for the United States and the date of their return to Manila 
shall not exceed five months. The Civil Governor shall fix the date of the departure 
of the Board. The Board shall be accompanied by an American official of the Phil- 
ippine Government, to be designated by the Civil Governor, who shall have a 
knowledge of the English and Spanish languages sufficient to enable him to act as 
interpreter on all occasions, and who shall have charge of the Board in making the 
arrangements for travel and subsistence. A second official of the Philippine Gov- 
ernment shall be designated by the Civil Governor as the disbursing officer to disburse 
the funds needed to pay the expenses of the Board. 

Sec. 3. There shall be allowed, as traveling and subsistence expenses, to each non- 
official member of the Honorary Board of Commissioners, the sum of ten dollars. 
United States currency, per day, from the time of his departure from Manila until 
the date of his return to Manila, and to each official member, in addition to his salary 
as provided by law. the sum of seven dollars. United States currency, per day. The 
per diems of the American official in charge of the Board and of the disbursing officer 
shall be fixed by the Civil Governor. 

Sec. 4. The Honorary Board of Commissioners shall organize by the election of 
a chairman, a secretary, and an executive committee of five. The secretary shall 
keep minutes of all formal action taken by the Board and shall make report of the 
same to the Civil Governor on the return of the Board to Manila. The Board shall 
also appoint a committee of three members whose duty it shall be to keep a history 
of the journey and to make a connected account and report thereof to the Civil Gov- 
ernor on the return of the Board to Manila. 

Sec. 5. The Honorary Board of Commissioners shall not only visit Saint Louis, 
where it shall spend at least a month in the examination of the Exposition, but it 
shall also visit those principal cities of the United States which shall be agreed upon 
by the executive committee of the Board after conference with the Philippine Expo- 
sition Board. The disbursing officer is authorize'! to pay the traveling and sub- 
sistence expenses of the members of the Board directly, and to charge the same to 
the respective members of the Board, paying any balance remaining due to each 
member at the end of each week. 

>ec 6. There is hereby appropriated, ont of any funds in the Insular Treasury not 
otherwise appropriated, the sum of seventy-five thousand dollars, in money of the 
United States, to defray the expenses herein authorized to be incurred. 

Sec 7. Sections eleven and twelve of Act Numbered Five hundred and fourteen, 
enacted November eleventh, nineteen hundred and two, are hereby repealed. 



11 

Sec. 8. The public good requiring the speedy enactment of this bill, the passage 
of the same is hereby expedited in accordance with section two of "An Act prescrib- 
ing the order of procedure by the Commission in the enactment of laws.'* passed 
September twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred. 

Sec. 9. This Act shall take effect on its passage. 

Enacted, December 22, 1903. 



[No. 1080.] 

AN ACT Amending sections two. three, and five of Act Numbered One thousand and thirty, entitled 
"An Act creating an Honorary Board of Commissioners, composed of fifty Filipinos of prominence 
and education, to visit the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at Saint Louis at Government expense." 

By authority of the United States, be it enacted by the Philippine Commission, that: 

Sectiox 1. Section two of Act Numbered One thousand and thirty is hereby 
amended by striking out the whole of said section and inserting in lieu thereof the 
following: 

"Sec. 2. The Honorary Board of Commissioners herein authorized to be appointed 
shall travel in a body, so far as practicable, and the period between the date of their 
departure from Manila for the United States and the date of their return to Manila 
shall not exceed live months. The Civil Governor shall fix the date of the depar- 
ture of the Board. The Board shall be accompanied by and be in charge of the 
Executive Secretary for the Philippine Islands as the representative of the Philip- 
pine Government, who shall as such representative make all arrangements for travel 
and subsistence. A second official of the Philippine Government shall be designated 
by the Civil Governor as the disbursing officer to disburse the funds needed to pay 
the expenses of the Board." 

Sec. 2. Section three of said Act Numbered One thousand and thirty is hereby 
amended by striking out the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof the following: 

"The per diems of the Executive Secretary and of the disbursing officer shall be 
fixed by the Civil (iovernor. Persons holding office in the Philippine Islands who 
accept appointment or are detailed for duty under the terms of this Act and visit 
the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in pursuance hereof, shall be deemed thereby to 
have waived all claim for leave of absence that may have accrued to them under 
existing laws both heretofore and down to the time of their return from the visit to 
the United States provided by this Act." 

Sec. -'i. Section live of said Act Numbered One thousand and thirty is hereby 
amended by adding at the end of the first sentence thereof the following word-: 
"and the Executive Secretary," so that the said sentence shall read: 

"The Honorary Board of Commissioners shall not only visit Saint Louis, where 
it shall spend at least a month in the examination of the exposition, but it shall also 
visit those principal cities of the United States which shall be agreed upon by the 
executive committee of the Board, after conference with the Philippine Exposition 
Board and the Executive Secretary." 

Sec. 4. The public good requiring the speedy enactment of this bill, the passage of 
the same is hereby expedited in accordance with section two of "An Act prescribing 
the order of procedure by the Commission in the enactment of laws." passed Sep- 
tember twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred. 

Sec 5. This Act shall take effect od its passage. 

Enacted, March 10, 1904. 





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